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References

[i]   Cancer.org: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/signs-symptoms.html#references

 

Egan KB. The Epidemiology of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Associated with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: Prevalence and Incident Rates. Urol Clin North Am 2016; 43:289.

 

Marshall LM, Holton KF, Parsons JK, et al. Lifestyle and health factors associated with progressing and remitting trajectories of untreated lower urinary tract symptoms among elderly men. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 2014; 17:265.

 

Prostate symptom score including urinating symptoms: Wadie BS, Ibrahim EH, de la Rosette JJ, et al. The relationship of the International Prostate Symptom Score and objective parameters for diagnosing bladder outlet obstruction. Part I: when statistics fail. J Urol 2001; 165:32.

 

https://www.singhealth.com.sg/PatientCare/ConditionsAndTreatments/Pages/Prostate-Cancer-Surgery.aspx#Where-To-Seek-Treatment

[ii]   Cancer.org: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/signs-symptoms.html#references
 

https://www.singhealth.com.sg/PatientCare/ConditionsAndTreatments/Pages/Prostate-Cancer-Surgery.aspx#Where-To-Seek-Treatment

[iii]   https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/signs-symptoms.html#references

https://www.nccs.com.sg/PatientCare/WhatisCancer/TypesofCancer/Pages/Prostate-Cancer.aspx?p=/PatientCare#Symptoms

[iv]   1. Prostate Cancer Patients Medical Guidebook – Singapore Cancer Society (2016)

        2. A Warrior’s Diary  - Singapore Cancer Society (2016)

[v]   Singapore Cancer Registry Annual Report: In 2010 - 2014, 28.6 per 100,000 diagnosed with prostate cancer.

https://www.nrdo.gov.sg/docs/librariesprovider3/default-document-library/cancer-trends-report-2010---2014_web.pdf?sfvrsn=0

Singapore Cancer Registry Cancer Survival in Singapore 1973 - 2012:

https://www.nrdo.gov.sg/docs/librariesprovider3/default-document-library/cancer-survival-in-singapore-1973-2012-web_28-june.pdf?sfvrsn=0   p. 76

[vi] The information on prostate cancer contained in this website was originally published by the Singapore Cancer Society and the National University Hospital and is reproduced here with their permission.

[vii] Singapore Cancer Registry, Interim Annual Registry Report, Trends in Cancer Incidence in Singapore 2010-2014

[viii] NUH Brochure on Prostate Cancer Screening

[ix] https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/treating/hormone-therapy.html

[x] Singapore Cancer Registry Cancer Survival in Singapore 1973-2012

https://www.nrdo.gov.sg/docs/librariesprovider3/default-document-library/cancer-survival-in-singapore-1973-2012-web_28-june.pdf?sfvrsn=0

[xi] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2483315/

[xii] https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html

[xiii] https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/about/key-statistics.html

[xiv] https://www.canceractive.com/cancer-active-page-link.aspx?n=3425

[xv] NUH Brochure on Prostate Cancer Screening

[xvi] http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/prostate-cancer/practical-emotional-support/sex-relationships/orgasm-ejaculation

[xvii] https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html

[xviii] https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html

[xix] NUH Brochure on Prostate Cancer Screening